Vince answered a question on Quora:
Who are the main contributors to the crises in Syria?
Vince Dhimos, Editor-in-Chief at New Silk Strategies (2016-present)
Answered 8m ago
The main participants and influencers in the Syrian war are:
The US Evangelical church (an influencer, the most important one by far, though very few Westerners realize this)
Israel, which acts as both an influencer in the US government and an active participant in the hostilities. Israel has killed many Syrians and their Iranian allies, and Israeli lobby AIPAC (AIPAC: The Israeli Lobby) in the US promotes war and regime change through its lobbying in Washington . Israel is blindly supported by US Evangelicals, who see themselves as Zionists. But their Zionism is based on obvious misinterpretations of the Bible.
Saudi Arabia, which trained, financed, transported and armed most of the terrorists who fought – and are still fighting — in Syria
US presidents Bush, Clinton, Obama, Trump, all of whom pretend to fight terror but none of whom have sincerely fought IS and Al-Qaeda.
Turkey, which initially supported the Saudi goals but now has joined the Russian coalition and is also interested mostly in defeating the Kurds — contrary to the interests of the US, Russia and Syria.
ISIS and al-Qaeda and the latter’s rebrandings (e.g., Jabhat al-Nusra and Hay'at Tahir al-Sham (HTS), used by the US to overthrow Assad, destabilize Syria and control the Syrian oil fields
The Kurds, used as cannon fodder by the US, and also to provide a pretext for the US to stay in Syria, but they also fight terrorists
The US military, which has deceptively pretended since 2001 to wage a “War on Terror” but has deliberately avoided any sincere assault on terror. Under Obama, ISIS was allowed to invade Syria from Iraq in broad daylight with no resistance whatsoever from Obama’s air force. This failure to prevent ISIS from entering Syria was the most important event – or rather, non-event – of the war because it enabled the terrorists to mingle with civilians in Syrian cities, indirectly leading to the deaths of many civilians in the effort to defeat the terrorists. These deaths are falsely attributed to Assad by the deceitful Western media.
Russia, which is helping the Syrian people rid their country of terrorists.
Iran and Hezbollah, which provide boots on the ground to fight the terrorists. Iran is falsely accused by Washington and the US mainstream media of supporting terror, but all of the terrorist groups in Syria are Wahhabists, a Sunni sect. Iran is preponderantly Shia and opposes the Sunnis and especially the Wahhabists. This US accusation is a sleazy lie that is possibly intended to generate sentiment for a war against Iran.
This is an important question by Matthew Lowe. If you understand who contributed to the war in Syria (and other wars in the Muslim world) and if you investigate the motivation behind these wars, you will understand that none of these wars focus primarily on the interests of the US or Europe, with the exception of Washington’s interest in Syrian oil and gas. The pretexts were fabricated in each case. For example, there were no weapons of mass destruction in Iraq and there is no evidence that the Syrian government of Bashar al-Assad used chemical weapons against his own people. And even if these accusations were true, they do not amount to war crimes nearly as egregious as those committed by the US in North Korea, Vietnam, Iraq, Afghanistan, Syria, Sudan, Kosovo and every country invaded by the armed forces of the US and NATO, where a total of about 2 million innocent civilians have been slaughtered, mostly by bombs dropped by the US air force. Thus the US does not have any moral authority to invade anyone.
We have direct contributions and indirect contributions to the Syrian war (which is portrayed as a “civil war” but is in fact an invasion by US-backed Saudi-financed Islamic terrorists – that is, jihadists – and by US and European forces). If the Syrian conflict were a civil war, there would be no need to import jihadists. They came from over 80 countries.
There were early indirect contributions on the part of the Israelis, the Americans and the Saudis.
Coincidentally, Global Research very recently published an update of a 2013 paper by Israel Shahak and Michel Chossudovsky entitled “Greater Israel”: The Zionist Plan for the Middle East.
"Greater Israel": The Zionist Plan for the Middle East - Global Research
This is a long article but very important because it shows that the Israel envisioned by Zionism’s founder Theodore Herzl in 1904 and by Rabbi Fischmann in 1947, though only dreams when first conceived, have been taking shape thanks to the intervention of the US and allies. The US is heavily influenced by its Evangelical population, about 80% of whom are Zionists who want their government to send lethal arms to Israel and to give Israel more and more land. This has led to the slaughter of Palestinians in Gaza, for example, where the IDF systematically shoots unarmed protesters. American Evangelicals think that God wants them to support this. In fact, without realizing it, they are the main driver of the wars, the deaths and destruction of the Middle East and North Africa. (To give you an idea how far from scriptural tenets they are, Ezekiel 37:24 — referred to as “proof” that Netanyahu’s Israel is Ezekiel’s Israel — prophesies that the resurrected Israel will be “obedient to God’s decrees,” but a Gallup poll shows that 65% of Israelis have no religion at all.)
The main idea was that Israel was to be the hegemon of the MENA (Middle East and North African) countries, which were to be broken up according to cultures and religions to create smaller territories that could be easily managed by Israel. Parts of these would be annexed by Israel to create a Greater Israel, essentially based on the original Biblical boundaries of ancient Israel. (BTW, Russia has spoiled this plan for good).
Almost all wars waged by the US were inspired in part by the Yinon Plan, promoted by Oded Yinon, which is a kind of blueprint for executing the ideas of Herzl and Firchman. It is outlined here: The Yinon Plan and the role of the ISIS.
However, Israel is not the only country that heavily influences US foreign policy.
In 1973 President Nixon and King Faisal concluded an agreement in which the parties agreed as follows:
1—the US agreed to “defend” the Saudi royal family (actually they are brutal dictators).
2—In exchange for this benefit, the Saudis agreed to charge only US dollars for their oil and to keep all of their cash reserves in US dollars.
In reality, the outcomes of all US wars waged in Muslim countries and regions (like Kosovo) prove beyond a doubt that the US was actually aiding the Saudis to reach their goal of foisting Sunni Wahhabism (Salafism) on the entire Muslim world. I detailed the argumentation of this hypothesis at Quora: What were the US and West's interests for the removal of Mr. Bashar al-Assad and the funding and arming of the groups that opposed him?
The US became not only a mercenary force but also, in a perverted and clandestine way, a missionary organization spreading the gospel of Wahhabism. However, we must bear in mind that in supporting the Saudis, the US was also generally supporting Israel in its fulfilment of the Yinon Plan and at the same time, the US was hoping to benefit from the oil and gas deposits in Syria (particularly in Deir Ezzor). These complex and tangled motivations make it quite difficult for analysts to arrive at an all-encompassing overview of the Syrian war. Most analysts are content to settle on just one issue or one influencer.
Amazingly, the goals of Israel according to the Yinon Plan coincided quite well – though not perfectly – with the goals of the Saudis. In fact, these two countries have become partners and both are more-or-less uniformly controlling US foreign policy.
In Syria, the Israeli goal of Balkanizing the country – that is, dividing it according to cultures, i.e., Kurdish, Sunni, Christian and Shia – coincides in large part with the Saudi goal of foisting Sunni religion on Syria. The Saudis have always chafed at the rule of Basher Assad and his father Hafez, who encouraged Christians, Sunnis and Shiites to get along with each other in harmony. These 2 leaders cultivated an atmosphere of tolerance not duplicated anywhere else in the Middle East. For example, Syrians who lived there before the war report that it was considered a lack of etiquette to ask another Syrian what religion he adhered to.
Finally, for the sake of completeness, in addition to the interests of Israel and Saudi Arabia, we need to recall Washington’s interest in benefitting from Syrian oil and gas deposits. The richest oil deposit is at Deir Ezzor. During the Obama administration, the US Air Force killed between 90 and 106 Syrian soldiers who were attempting to fight ISIS here. The US claimed that this was an accident but of course this was not true because it happened numerous times in oil-rich Deir Ezzor and only there. Later in the Trump administration, the US air force again killed about 100 Syrian soldiers in Deir Ezzor, as reported by BBC (US forces repel attack on Syrian allies), and they also killed over 100 Russian mercenaries, also at Deir Ezzor. Obviously, the US considers oil-rich Deir Ezzor its own territory. In holding Deir Ezzor, the US is not only trying to illegally claim these oil deposits for itself but is also causing the cash-strapped Syrian people great harm by preventing them from selling their own oil!
The US military has had many jihadist groups as allies, but in each case, the US was forced to distance themselves from these groups because it later became known publicly that each of them were committing atrocities. Finally, the US decided to ally itself with the SDF (Syrian Defence Force), which was essentially Kurdish and was not known to commit atrocities. The US pretended that it was helping the Kurds protect their territory. The problem is that the SDF was deployed mostly in Deir Ezzor. Anyone familiar with the geography and demographics of Syria, however, knows that, as shown in this map: How Syria Could Be Permanently Ripped Apart, In Two Maps, Deir Ezzor is not anywhere near the traditional Kurdish territory of Syria (I never find other analysts pointing out this important fact). Further, as reported in the Washington Post, the US even killed its own Kurdish allies at Deir Ezzor https://www.washingtonpost.com/, claiming that this too was an “accident.” The result was that the terrorists whom the SDF was fighting were able to seize more territory and 700 hostages, which the terrorists will use to force concessions from the Kurds. This too benefits the US because the terrorists freed from the grips of the SDF by the American “accident” will furnish the excuse needed by the US to keep its base at Deir Ezzor. Answer requested by Matthew Lowe